Russia’s Electoral System in 2011 and 2016: Road to Fair Political Competition and Legitimate Elections

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Many foreign experts and observers studying the state and the evolution of the Russian political system as well as all the parties to the electoral process await the parliamentary ballot to be held on September 18. At the same time, many analysts vividly remember the 2011-2012 Bolotnaya Square protests provoked by the 2011 election results. Consequently, as the election day is approaching, the question about the lessons drawn by the regime and political system from the 2011 events is regularly raised.