Last week the Russian ambassador to Turkey Andrei Karlov was shot dead at the opening of an art exhibition in Ankara. The killer was a Turkish police officer, who shouted after firing “Don’t forget Aleppo. Don’t forget Syria”. Some experts initially expressed concern that the assassination could result in a new standoff in Russia-Turkey relations similar to the consequences of shooting down a Russian fighter jet in 2015 while others even compared it to the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo in 1914, which led to World War I. However, almost immediately the leadership of both countries emphasized that they consider Karlov’s murder as a “provocation” aimed at undermining rapprochement between Moscow and Ankara.