The parliamentary delegation’s trip came at a difficult time. Even though a need for stronger Russian-Serbian relations still exists, certain challenges related to Brussels’ policy and the changing geostrategic situation in the Balkans impede substantial progress. A closer inter-parliamentary dialogue can offer a way forward. Increased interaction between specialized parliamentary commissions can result in new initiatives, in particular for small- and medium-sized businesses, which will contribute to cooperation between Serbia and Russian regions. It may become a driving force for Russian-Serbian relations for the years to come.